【美高梅官方网站】设题的角度也和一年一度真题完全一样,先有底蕴再谈技巧

[B] cautious about intellectual investigation

  “The Heart of the Matter,” the just-released report by the American
Academy of Arts and Sciences (AAAS), deserves praise for affirming the
importance of the humanities and social sciences to the prosperity and
security of liberal democracy in America. Regrettably, however, the
report’s failure to address the true nature of the crisis facing liberal
education may cause more harm than good。

今年的英语一第四篇文章是一篇时效非常强的文章,节选自The Wall Street
Journal
Online华尔街日报在线,是去年2013年7月1日发布的文章。下面是文章的全文呈现,只是真题把原文中最后四段合成了一段。文章的结构非常完整,设题的角度也和历年真题如出一辙。

今天我们通过一个真题来感受一下单词和语法这些基础知识对于解题的重要性,看看它们是怎样决定你命运的;同时同学们也检测一下,学了这么久,你的基本功是否称得上扎实。

  【解析】

Monday, July 1st, 2013

self-reliance 自力更生;自立

  题干和选项译文:

‘The Heart of the Matter,” the just-released report by the American
Academy of Arts and Sciences, deserves praise for affirming the
importance of the humanities and social sciences to the prosperity and
security of liberal democracy in America. Regrettably, however, the
report’s failure to address the true nature of the crisis facing liberal
education may cause more harm than good。

这个题的考点出处就是长难句。句子能懂,2分到手。

  Today, professors routinely treat the progressive interpretation of
history and progressive public policy as the proper subject of study
while portraying conservative or classical liberal ideas—such as free
markets or self-reliance —as falling outside the boundaries of routine,
and sometimes legitimate, intellectual investigation。

Meanwhile, courses proliferate on highly specialized topics—Muslims in
movies, gay and lesbian gardeners, the mathematical formalization of
political decision making, for example—that closely correspond to
professors’ niche research interests but contribute little to students’
grasp of the broad sweep of Western civilization and its literary,
philosophical and religious masterpieces。

整个句子连起来就是 profes***s treat A as B while portray C as D。

  【问题】

The commission ignores that for several decades America’s colleges and
universities have produced graduates who don’t know the content and
character of liberal education and are thus deprived of its benefits.
Sadly, the spirit of inquiry once at home on campus has been replaced by
the use of the humanities and social sciences as vehicles for
disseminating “progressive,” or left-liberal propaganda。

[参考译文]如今,教授们习惯将这种激进的历史演绎和激进的国家政策当成是适当的研究对象,却把保守或古典的自由思想-比如**自由市场和自力更生-置之于常规研究、有时甚至是合理的学术研究范围之外。

  很多考生一提起考研阅读的复习方法,不免就是多看多背多做题,但殊不知阅读理解的考查题型也是多种多样的,不同题型自然有不同的解答技巧和方法,切不可盲目一把抓,致使复习效率事倍功半。

The goals identified in the report are generally admirable. Because
representative government presupposes an informed citizenry, the report
supports full literacy; stresses the study of history and government,
particularly American history and American government; and encourages
the use of new digital technologies。

所以一切不以基础知识为支撑的技巧都是在耍流氓!

  Unfortunately, despite 2½ years in the making, “The Heart of the
Matter” never gets to the heart of the matter: the illiberal nature of
liberal education at our leading colleges and universities. The
commission ignores that for several decades America’s colleges and
universities have produced graduates who don’t know the content and
character of liberal education and are thus deprived of its benefits.
Sadly, the spirit of inquiry once at home on campus has been replaced by
the use of the humanities and social sciences as vehicles for
publicizing “progressive,” or left-liberal propaganda。

Today, professors routinely treat the progressive interpretation of
history and progressive public policy as the proper subject of study
while portraying conservative or classical liberal ideas—such as free
markets, self-reliance and a distrust of central planning—as falling
outside the boundaries of routine, and sometimes legitimate,
intellectual investigation。

句子分析完以后,答案就很明显了。选择C biased against classical liberal
ideas 对古典的自由理念持有偏见。

  2016考研[微博]英语的阅读理解有多种题型,每个题型都有各自的解答技巧和方法,态度题就是其中的一种,一般是询问考生对某个问题有什么样的看法,属于难度适中的考题,下面我们就来结合真题看一下态度题的解法。

Unfortunately, despite 2½ years in the making, “The Heart of the Matter”
never gets to the heart of the matter: the illiberal nature of liberal
education at our leading colleges and universities。

这个句子由while切分成前后两个部分。

  态度题首先要确定题干中态度的主体和对象,然后回文中定位,找出包含主体的句子,如果主体是作者,可以直接找包含对象的句子,接着找出句子中表示态度的方式,再与选项一一对比,同义替换的为正确选项。但是,有的考生总愿意把态度题与文章的中心思想合二为一,如果态度的主体是作者,这样没问题,可是作者可能会在文中提到多方的观点,难免会有相反的观点出现,这一点要格外注意。

来源:文都教育

考研英语中长难句很多时候都直接或间接地决定了你们对文章主旨和细节的把握,对后期解题技巧的理解和使用也起了很大作用。所以,如果现阶段对词汇和长难句语法知识掌握还不到位同学一定要迎头赶上!

  The goals identified in the report are generally admirable. Because
representative government presupposes an informed citizenry, the report
supports full literacy; stresses the study of history and government,
particularly American history and American government; and encourages
the use of new digital technologies. To encourage innovation and
competition, the report calls for increased investment in research, the
crafting of coherent curricula that improve students’ ability to solve
problems and communicate effectively in the 21st century, increased
funding for teachers and the encouragement of scholars to bring their
learning to bear on the great challenges of the day. The report also
advocates greater study of foreign languages, international affairs and
the expansion of study abroad programs。

We know from the extensive documentation that William F. Buckley Jr.
provided in his stellar critique of American academia, “God and Man at
Yale,” first published in 1951, that this propagandizing extends back at
least to the middle of the 20th century。

progressive adj。 激进的;渐进的;前进的;进步的

  In 2010, leading congressional Democrats and Republicans sent
letters to the AAAS asking that it identify actions that could be taken
by “federal, state and local governments, universities, foundations,
educators, individual benefactors and others” to “maintain national
excellence in humanities and social scientific scholarship and
education.”In response, the American Academy formed the Commission on
the Humanities and Social Sciences. Among the commission’s 51 members
are top-tier-university presidents, scholars, lawyers, judges, and
business executives, as well as prominent figures from diplomacy,
filmmaking, music and journalism。

Through speech codes, endless seminars and workshops designed to teach
students how to avoid “offensive” speech—and by handling sexual
harassment and sexual-assault allegations with procedures that undermine
the presumption of innocence—universities teach students to discount
free speech and due process。

[C] conservative about public policy

  根据第一段,作者对美国科学艺术学会报告的态度是什么?

From The Wall Street Journal
Online

那到了强化阶段,各种解题技巧百家争鸣百花齐放,但是再牛逼的技巧也是站在基础知识的肩膀上的。基础和技巧,两手都抓两手都硬,你才有稍资格谈什么答题准确率!

  A. Critical           B. Appreciative

In 2010, leading congressional Democrats and Republicans sent letters to
the American Academy of Arts and Sciences asking that it identify
actions that could be taken by “federal, state and local governments,
universities, foundations, educators, individual benefactors and others”
to “maintain national excellence in humanities and social scientific
scholarship and education。”

while前后两个层面,而且是相反的两个层面。如果认为A是正向的,那么认为C就是负向的。

  根据题干的定位信息定位到第一段,再按照解题思路确定线索句为第一段第二句:Regrettably,
however, the report’s failure to address the true nature of the crisis
facing liberal education may cause more harm than
good。其中表示态度的词就是failure,说明作者对于这个报告的看法是负面的。能够和failure同义替换的只有A批判。B选项为正面态度,C选项为负面态度但语气过重,而且文中并没有说鄙视。D选项在文中没有依据。

One of the more novel ideas in the report is the creation of a order
viagra
“Culture Corps” in cities and town across America to “transmit
humanistic and social scientific expertise from one generation to the
next。”

while后面的部分是现在分词结构作状语,框架为:portray C as D 。

  The AAAS displays great enthusiasm for liberal education. Yet its
report may well set back reform by obscuring the depth and breadth of
the challenge that Congress asked it to illuminate。

In response, the American Academy formed the Commission on the
Humanities and Social Sciences, with Duke University President Richard
Brodhead and retired Exelon CEO John Rowe as co-chairmen. Among the
commission’s 51 members are top-tier-university presidents, scholars,
lawyers, judges, and business executives, as well as prominent figures
from diplomacy, filmmaking, music and journalism。

[A] supportive of free markets

【美高梅官方网站】设题的角度也和一年一度真题完全一样,先有底蕴再谈技巧。  答案:A

The American Academy of Arts and Sciences displays great enthusiasm for
liberal education. Yet its report may well set back reform by obscuring
the depth and breadth of the challenge that Congress asked it to
illuminate。

前面的部分框架是 profes***s treat A as
B,其中A是个and连接的并列结构。

美高梅官方网站 1
扫码关注考研圈微信

To encourage innovation and competition, the report calls for increased
investment in research, the crafting of coherent curricula that improve
students’ ability to solve problems and communicate effectively in the
21st century, increased funding for teachers and the encouragement of
scholars to bring their learning to bear on the great challenges of the
day. The report also advocates greater study of foreign languages,
international affairs and the expansion of study abroad programs。

[D] biased against classical liberal ideas

来源:文都教育

Illiberal Education and the ‘Heart of the
Matter’

subject n。话题;主题;对象;科目

  C. Contemptuous    D. Tolerant

From The Wall Street Journal
Online

考研英语难度是有目共睹的,今天小编带你看考研英语阅读:先有基础再谈技巧。

  • 新浪教育考研栏目征稿启示
  • 2015年考研国家线已公布
  • 34校2015考研复试线已公布
  • 2015全国各地高校调剂信息平台
  • 2015高校考研调剂信息发布方式
  • 2015年考研考生发布调剂意向区

就考研英语来说,基础阶段的**是背单词、学语法和做阅读,其中单词和语法就是你的两条腿,想要在考研英语的这条道路上顺畅地走下去双腿一定要健全,积累了一定的单词和语法知识之后以阅读理解的文章为载体去锻炼你的双腿,为强化阶段迈出质变的那一步奠定坚实的基础。

  A。批判    B。赏识    C。鄙视    D。容忍

考研英语阅读:先有基础再谈技巧。希望以上的介绍能够对你有所帮助。

  According to Paragraph 1, what is the author’s attitude toward the
AAAS’s report?

这里的D可能比较难理解,但是B是很好理解的,有明显正向的词proper。所以确定这里的profes***s对A(progressive
interpretation of history and progressive public
policy)的态度是正向的,对C(progressive interpretation of history and
progressive public policy)的态度是负向的。

  【方法总结】

Today, profes***s routinely treat the progressive interpretation of
history and progressive public policy as the proper subject of study
while portraying conservative or classical liberal ideas—such as free
markets and self-reliance—as falling outside the boundaries of routine,
and sometimes legitimate, intellectual investigation。

  【真题例举】

The author implies in Paragraph 5 that profes***s are 。

routinely adv。 常规地;惯常地routine
adj。日常的;例行的;平淡的n。例行公事;日常工作;常规;程序

portray v。 扮演;描述;刻画portray/consider/treat/regard/see/deem/think A
as B 把A当做/认为是B

interpretation n。 解释;表演;翻译

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